Explore Germantown and its historic sites to learn how the American Revolution and the Battle of Germantown affected people in 1777. Washington’s soldiers were told to put a piece of white paper in their hats so they could tell the difference between friend and foe. The vanguard of Sullivan's column, on Germantown Road, launched the battle when they opened fire on the British pickets of light infantry at Mount Airy just as the sun was rising at around 5:00 am. This painting depicts a scene from the Battle of Germantown, fought on October 4, 1777. Commanders:American: George WashingtonBritish: William Howe, American Casualties: Killed: 152Wounded: 521Captured: 438, British Casualties: Killed: 71Wounded: 448Missing: 14. Battle of Germantown 1777. The year and date that the Battle of Germantown took place on Saturday, October 04, 1777. Agnew was not a major player in the battle, arriving on the scene towards the end of the day’s confused and intense fighting, but he was a British general nonetheless. In the early fall of 1777, events did not fare well for George Washington’s army in Pennsylvania. The resulting firefight caused both units to break and flee the field. Following defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and the British capture of Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, George Washington attempted to gain the initiative. Open 365 days a year, Mount Vernon is located just 15 miles south of Washington DC. With victory seemingly in sight, however, the American attack unraveled. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington. This page was last changed on 23 August 2018, at 08:08. Armies - American Forces was commanded by Gen. George Washington and consisted of about 11,000 Soldiers. Explore Germantown and its historic sites to learn how the American Revolution and the Battle of Germantown affected people in 1777. British 40th Foot occupying the Chew House at the Battle of Germantown on 4th October 1777 in the American Revolutionary War: picture by Xavier della Gatta American guns fire on the Chew House at the Battle of Germantown on 4th October 1777 in the American Revolutionary War Map of the Battle of Germantown… Taffe, Stephen R. The Philadelphia Campaign, 1777-1778. The Battle of Germantown was fought on October 4, 1777 in the Philadelphia suburb of Germantown, Pennsylvania between General William Howe's British forces and General Georg Washington's American forces. The American retreat was also aided by the onset of darkness. Spend the day with us! 372 Battle of Germantown. It was fought on October 4, 1777 near Germantown, Pennsylvania. On the left, one of Sullivan’s divisions, commanded by General Anthony Wayne, became separated in the fog. They held off the attack and inflicted around 1000 casualties on the Americans while only suffering around 500 themselves. The Americans planned a four pronged attack. The year and date that the Battle of Germantown took place on Saturday, October 04, 1777. Add to Google Calendar. Unfortunately for Washington, darkness and a heavy fog delayed the advance and cost him the element of surprise. A late-comer to this list of folklore heroes was Hans Boyer, the supposed assailant of Gen. James Agnew at the battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777. They were hoping … "Victory Denied by the Fog of War." Sullivan wisely bypassed the structure and continued his advance over a mile, driving the British from a series of fenced yards in the town. For the past 60 years, the image shown below has puzzled historians. Despite losing the battle, Germantown actually helped the Americans in winning the war. United States, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 6401 Germantown Ave - Cliveden. Washington’s Army lost roughly 700 men killed and wounded. Following the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine in September 1777, the British Army captured Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Congress. The Battle of Germantown was yet another British victory with staggering consequences for the Continental Army: 700 men were killed, and 400 were captured. The Americans planned a four pronged attack. 372 Battle of Germantown. United States, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 6401 Germantown Ave - Cliveden. Ward, Christopher. The British were so shocked to find a large force of American soldiers that some were cut off from the main body; 120 men under British Colonel Musgrave took shelter in the large stone house of Chief Justice Benjamin Chew, known as Cliveden. Researched and written by Mike Dickey Member of Skippack Historical Society. Germantown’s pride in its Revolutionary past was reinforced by a specious tale involving John D. Rockefeller, who invested millions to recreate an 18th-century town in Williamsburg, Virginia. Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable twice-hallowed ground at Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbor — forever. Combatants at the Battle of Germantown: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals at the Battle of Germantown: General George Washington against Major … close to the highway, from which the farm fences, orchards, and inclosures extended back a considerable distance on each side. Battle of Germantown 1777. British Forces was commanded by Gen. William Howe and consisted of about12,500 Soldiers. He was replaced by Marquis de Lafayette. After dusk on October 3, the American army began the 16 miles (26 km) march south toward Germantown in complete darkness. The Battle of Germantown, was fought on October 4, 1777, between the American army led by George Washington British Army and the British who fought under Sir William Howe.. Although Howe received some intelligence of an impending attack, he did little to prepare in advance. He decided to attack and destroy the enemy detachment at Germantown using a double envelopment. The militia, under General William Smallwood, would target the British extreme right and rear. Michael P. Gabriel, Ph.D.Kutztown University. Map of the British Colonies in North America 1763-1775 During the grinding five-hour battle, Washington's casualties numbered 152 killed, 521 wounded, and approximately 400 captured. In addition, the militia columns failed to envelop Howe's flanks. close to the highway, from which the farm fences, orchards, and inclosures extended back a considerable distance on each side. The next day, September 26 th, he and Lt. General Cornwallis entered Philadelphia leading a procession of two brigade … The Americans' most serious challenge was at Cliveden. After an initial advance, the American reserve allowed itself to be diverted by 120 English soldiers holding out in the Benjamin Chew House. This fortified position would prove a thorn in the Americans’ side for the remainder of the battle, with numerous assaults being repulsed with heavy casualties. George Washigton's decision to attack British positions around Philadelphia in the fall of 1777 was a bold one that reflected his inherent confidence and gambler's nature. Visit the Schedule of Events for more information. The separation, combined with the lack of fire from their comrades and the commotion of the attack on Cliveden behind them, convinced Wayne’s men that they were cut off, causing them to withdraw. Join in the festivities every year on the first Saturday of October. From the mansion to lush gardens and grounds, intriguing museum galleries, immersive programs, and the distillery and gristmill. For men ill shod and ill equipped, and already fatigued from weeks of marching and countermarching, it was a long and arduous night traversing rough roads in complete darkness. On the night of October 3, four converging American columns began a sixteen-mile march towards Germantown. Tell a Friend Print Event Description. After successfully entering the capital, British General William Howe divided his … The Battle of Germantown was part of the Philadelphia Campaign, which saw Philadelphia captured by the British on September 26. The Battle of Germantown in Philadelphia was yet another in a string of defeats for the American General George Washington in the Revolutionary War, but like so many of Washington’s setbacks, he had an uncanny ability to come away from a stinging military loss with an overall gain or advantage. Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. Howe encamped at Germantown, Pennsylvania, seven miles northeast of Philadelphia, with 9,000 men, while other troops garrisoned the city and moved against American forts obstructing the Delaware River. Mount Vernon is owned and maintained in trust for the people of the United States by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the Union, a private, non-profit organization. N the evening after the battle of Brandywine, General Howe sent a party to Wilmington, who seized in bed Mr. M'Kinlay, governor, of the state of Delaware, and took a shallop lying in the rivulet loaded with the rich effects of some of the inhabitants, together with the public records of the county, and other … Online Resources: List of Battles of the Revolutionary War; Battles of the American Revolution; American Battlefield Trust – Germantown; West Point – Table of … Here the Americans are … The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Casualties - American casualties were estimated to be 152 killed, 521 wounded, and 438 missing/captured. Battle: Germantown War: American Revolution Date of the Battle of Germantown: 4 th October 1777 Place of the Battle of Germantown: North of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States of America. George Washington, commanding an army of 8,000 Continentals and 3,000 militiamen, sensed an opportunity. It was fought on October 4, 1777 near Germantown, Pennsylvania. Despite the British victory, many Europeans, especially the French, were impressed by the continued determination of the Continental Army. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington. As dawn approached o… On the right is a rendering of the Benjamin Chew House, where troops from the British 40th Regiment held off the attacking Continental Army in some of the bloodiest fighting of the battle. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. After Howe had occupied Philadelphia, Washington attacked British troops at Germantown. Today, the Revolutionary Germantown Festival keeps the tradition alive, energizing the community with a day of family entertainment and Battle of Germantown reenactments. On the far right flank, John Armstrong's Pennsylvanians held a Hessian detachment in place but did little more. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2007. We don't accept government funding and rely upon private contributions to help preserve George Washington's home and legacy. October 3, 2020 - Full and probationary members of the British Brigade and Continental Line are invited to participate in the annual … Such distractions allowed Howe time to organize a counterattack with fresh troops. As a result, the attack failed, and the American troops were forced to withdraw.. Discover the Home of George and Martha Washington. For the past 60 years, the image shown below has puzzled historians. The Battle of Germantown was fought on 4 October 1777 in Germantown, Pennsylvania, which is now a neighborhood of Northwest Philadelphia.The battle occurred when George Washington led an army of 11,000 Continental Army troops to attack William Howe's divided army of 9,000 British and Hessian troops as it split … Slideshow compiled of three years of re-enactment footage. Combatants at the Battle of Germantown: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals at the Battle of Germantown… To regain the initiative, Washington and his lieutenants plotted a bold strike against the primary British camp at Germantown… The Washington Library is open to all researchers and scholars, by appointment only. Map of the United States: Battle Sites 1689-1945. Battle of Germantown, (October 4, 1777), in the American Revolution, abortive attack by 11,000 American troops upon 9,000 British regulars stationed at Germantown (now part of Philadelphia) under General Sir William Howe. The War of the Revolution, 2 Vols. They held off the attack and inflicted around 1000 casualties on the Americans while only suffering around 500 themselves. 03 Oct. 2020 | 09:00 86 Day(s) Ago . The Battle of Germantown was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought during the Philadelphia Campaign. The British suffered more than 500 casualties of their own. Niderost, Eric. Sullivan's troops were running low on ammunition and slowed their advance before coming under a volley of friendly fire from Greene's men, who had become disoriented in the fog. Facts about the Battle of Germantown. Washington reinforced to 11,000 troops and decided to attack using a plan similar to the one that he employed at Trenton in December 1776. 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