By 800, abbeys existed throughout western Europe, and the observance of Benedict’s Rule was fostered by Charlemagne and, especially, his…, Benedict’s rule provided for a monastic day of work, prayer, and contemplation, offering psychological balance in the monk’s life. Information and translations of Benedictine in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Benedictine Rule - The Rule of St. Benedict 528AD. The Rule of St. Benedict establishes a way of life rooted in the Gospel and grounded in the scriptural principles of charity, humility, stability, and faithfulness. …most contemporary monastic rules, the Benedictine Rule emphasizes less austerity and contemplation and more common life and common work in charity and harmony. Benedict had begun his monastic life as a hermit, but he had come to see the difficulties and spiritual dangers of a…, …communal monasticism, beginning with the Rule of St. Benedict in the 6th century, enabled standardization to become possible. The Benedictine Rule is strict—its main theme being absolute obedience to the Abbot. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? March 21 is the Feast of the Passing of St. Benedict. Benedictine Rule. To control the monks of Monte Cassino St. Benedict framed a Rule, or constitution, which was modelled in some respects upon the earlier Rule of St. 1 A monk or nun of an order following the rule of St. Benedict. Benedictine synonyms, Benedictine pronunciation, Benedictine translation, English dictionary definition of Benedictine. Benedictinism 1. the rule for monastic life developed by St. Benedict, used by several religious orders. Rule of St. Benedict, written in Beneventan script at Montecassino, Italy, late 11th century. …to strict observance of the Benedictine Rule and especially to historical and ecclesiastical scholarship. In 520 CE, a priest named Benedict built a monastery in Italy. noun. The Rule of St. Benedict was the standard monastic rule in the Western church by the 9th century, and it served as the basis for the later Cluniac and Cistercian reform movements. Benedict's rule was in many ways novel in monastic life in replacing severity with moderation. It doesn’t require balancing a ball on your nose. Benedictine monks are a religious order of monks and nuns of the Roman Catholic Church living under the Rule of St. Benedict of Nursia (circa 480 – circa 547). Learn a new word every day. The Rule of Benedict, and not the Rule of the Master, is the document that gave form to European monasticism and has been found valuable by every generation of Benedictine monks, nuns, and sisters. This model of […] Reply. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Read More In Roman Catholicism: Hermits and monks a monk or nun who is a member of a Christian religious community founded by or following the rule of Saint Benedict 2. Robert was succeeded by St. Alberic and then by St. Stephen Harding, who proved to be the real organizer of the Cistercian rule and order. Term. He founded his own monastery in 529. These values give us a set of practices for a life modeled on Jesus. BENEDICTINE SPIRITUALITY The word "Benedictine" is relatively modern; it scarcely existed before the 17th century. Monastic dress included habit, girdle or belt, hood or cowl, and scapular (a long narrow cloth worn over the tunic). ‘Orders of monks and nuns multiplied over the years: Benedictines, Dominicans, Cistercians, Augustinians, Carmelites and … Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). It is a Christian rule in the sense that its spiritual doctrine picks up on the values of the Bible (e.g., prayer, fasting, service of neighbor) and arranges for a life in which these values can be lived out in community. It was the Rule of St. Benedict, derived from various and disparate sources, that provided for the monastic way of life a directory, at once practical and spiritual, that continued in force after 1,500 years. The Maurists excelled both as editors and as historians, and many of their texts remain the best available. The Rule of Saint Benedict or Regula Benedict was written by Saint Benedict of Nurisa, the patron saint of Europe. It evokes the name of St. Benedict, who lived in the 6th century, together with all those who have been inspired by the Rule of Benedict and associate themselves with the … Did you ever wonder who St. Benedict is, what his Rule is all about, and what this means for us as a Benedictine college? And the fourth kind is that of the monks called Girovagi, who are all their lives guests for three or four days at a time in the different groups of cells through the various provinces. The term conversatio morum is found in chapter 58 of the Rule of St. Benedict. It sets forth an outline for Christian discipleship drawn from the heart of Jesus’ ministry. Meaning of Benedictine. — Benedictine, n., adj. Definition of Benedictine in the Definitions.net dictionary. The Rule of St. Benedict 3 dislike they esteem unlawful. The Rule is comprised of 73 short chapters, containing two kinds of wisdom: spiritual and administrative. The salient characteristics of monastic dress have always been sobriety and conservatism.…. pertaining to St Benedict or his monastic rule. Benedictine life is built around a fundamental discipline of prayer, work and relationships that is set forth in the Rule and that seeks to free a monastic to take delight in God's presence within the self, the community and the world. Benedict's Rulestands tall in the great tradition of Christian monasticism. It has many offshoots and variations, and it has proved itself sturdy, surviving many near collapses and reforms. ... ben-e-dik′tin, adj. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. It also elevated the dignity of manual labour in the service of God, long scorned by the elites of antiquity. For centuries, Benedictine monks have embraced Benedict’s Rule as their guide to monastic life. The Rule of St. Benedict was the standard monastic rule in the Western church by the 9th century, and it served as the basis for the later Cluniac and Cistercian reform movements. The earliest chronicler says that when Monte Cassi… What made you want to look up Benedictine? March 5, 2018. Monks dressed in loose brown robes, tied at the waist with a cord. The monk needs time along and needs time in community. The Rule of St. Benedict structures this for the monk. 15th century, in the meaning defined above. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! The Benedictine community is rooted in a particular place in which mutual service, especially in mundane everyday life, is demanded of all with no expectation of individual reward. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Later, in Chapter 7 of the Rule, we find that “The first step of humility, then, is that a man keeps the fear of God always before his eyes (Ps 35[36]:20) and never forgets it.” If we think that the Master wrote these Chapters, which is probable, and that the Master had this clear contradiction, then we must wonder why Benedict took it over. Gregory, in his only reference to the Rule, described it as clear in language and outstanding in its discretion. The monks formed a sort of corporation, presided over by an abbot, who held office for life. The Rule of Saint Benedict (Regula Benedicti) is a book of precepts written by St. Benedict of Nursia for monks living communally under the authority of an abbot.Since about the 7th century it has also been adopted by communities of women. Byzantine Empire. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. The Rule of Saint Benedict (Regula Benedicti) is a book of precepts written by St. Benedict of Nursia for monks living communally under the authority of an abbot. They were pioneers in critical medieval history, and their work has attached the adjective “learned” to the Benedictines. It is a challenge to contribute to a living, flesh-and-blood community on such terms. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? …Cîteaux, where they strictly followed St. Benedict’s Rule. Benedict’s monastery at Monte Cassino, south…. The monk does not join an “order” but a…. This tradition is guided by values distilled from the Rule of St. Benedict, written in the sixth century by St. Benedict, the founder of the Benedictine monastic order. Benedictine Rule. …constitution is based on the Rule of St. Benedict, was founded in Constantinople (now Istanbul) in 1701 by the Armenian priest Mekhitar Petrosian of Sivas. n. A monk, nun, or oblate belonging to the Roman Catholic order founded by Saint Benedict of Nursia. The entire document is less than a hundred pages. Prologue, Rule of St. Benedict. The rules he established were called Benedictine Rule. The author, with characteristic […] The monastic rule of life drawn up by St. Benedict of Nursia. The Rule of Saint Benedict (Latin: Regula Sancti Benedicti) is a book of precepts written in 516 by Benedict of Nursia (c. AD 480–550) for monks living communally under the authority of an abbot. Driven from Constantinople in 1703, the Mechitarists moved to Modon in Morea (1703–15) and finally settled in 1717 on the island of San Lazzaro, Venice,…, The Benedictine Rule—initiated by St. Benedict of Nursia—succeeded in the West because of its simplicity and restraint; more formidable alternatives were available in the 6th century. RB is not written for monastic hermits, though Benedict has high regard for them; it is written for ordinary Christians who wish to immerse themselves in a pattern of living in which the life of Christ can be lived out with understanding … https://www.britannica.com/topic/Benedictine-Rule, religious dress: Roman Catholic religious dress, Roman Catholicism: Religious orders: canons and monks, history of Europe: The organization of late imperial Christianity, Roman Catholicism: The concept of Christendom. Stability: The Benedictine Value of Locatedness | Benedictine Center […] rather than continually traveling on to somewhere else. Monks (men) - Benedictine Rule: A monk is a man who has chosen to devote his life to a certain discipline of prayer. Prologue, Rule of St. Benedict Phone 65 .777.725 www.stpaulsmonastery.org The Benedictine Center of St. Paul’s Monastery. In 520 CE, a priest named Benedict built a monastery in Italy. What does Benedictine mean? The exact time and place at which St. Benedict wrote his Rule are not known, nor can it be determined whether the Rule, as we now possess it, was composed as a single whole or whether it gradually took shape in response to the needs of his monks. 2. membership in an order of monks founded in Monte Cassino by St. Benedict about A.D. 530. BENEDICT, RULE OF. …wrote his rule, the so-called Benedictine Rule, c. 535–540 with his own abbey of Montecassino in mind. Benedictine definition is - a monk or a nun of one of the congregations following the rule of St. Benedict and devoted especially to scholarship and liturgical worship. The addition of lay brothers tapped a large reservoir in an age of increased religious devotion and economic and population growth, and the organization of the order—which featured annual visitations and a general…. The monastery, or abbey abbey, monastic house, especially among Benedictines and Cistercians, consisting of not less than 12 monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or … Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Somewhere about 530 however, may be taken as a likely date, and Monte Cassino as a more probable place than Subiaco, for the Rule certainly reflects St. Benedict's matured monastic and spiritual wisdom. (ˌbɛnɪˈdɪktɪn, -taɪn) a monk or nun who is a member of a Christian religious community founded by or following the rule of Saint Benedict. Basil. The rule, which spread slowly in Italy and Gaul, provided a complete directory for both the government and the spiritual and material well-being of a monastery by carefully integrating prayer, manual labour, and…, …the strictest interpretation of the Rule of St. Benedict. Abbot Benedict of Nursia, depicted in the act of writing the Benedictine Rule, painting by Herman Nieg, 1926; in the church of Heiligenkreuz Abbey near Baden bei Wien, Lower Austria. Benedict was a devout Italian Christian who became a monk at the age of 20, wishing to withdraw from the world after he visited Rome and was shocked by how immoral life in the Holy City had become. A ‘feast' refers to the day of the year that the Catholic Church assigns to a saint, when she or he is remembered and specially honored. Accessed 1 Jan. 2021. The Rule of St. Benedict arose from an era when a great civilization was threatened by violence, economic forces that favored the wealthy, political leaders that lacked the trust of the public, and rampant xenophobia. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. During the 1500 years of its existence, it has become the leading guide in Western Christianity for monastic living in community. Benedictine monks live a monastic life with the purpose of glorifying God in all things. Monks dressed in loose brown robes, tied at the waist with a cord. Definition. Delivered to your inbox! Monks (men) - Benedictine Rule: A monk is a man who has chosen to devote his life to a certain discipline of prayer. “Benedictine.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Benedictine. Post the Definition of Benedictine to Facebook, Share the Definition of Benedictine on Twitter. L et us get up then, at long last, for the Scriptures rouse us 3 when they say, “It is high time for us to arise from sleep” The new regulations demanded severe asceticism; they rejected all feudal revenues and reintroduced manual labour for…, …was exact observance of the Rule of St. Benedict, with emphasis on simplicity, poverty, and manual work. 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