And the best part? Its wood is often used for fuel, and stands can be cut for firewood at comparatively frequent intervals because of its ability to regenerate quickly [ 7 , 17 ]. Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. To make an infused oil for sore muscles, collect birch bark, leaves, or both, and submerge them in a carrier oil, such as olive oil, for at least a few weeks. Paper Birch is not the only birch species with attractive white bark. However, it is susceptible to leaf miner. Birch is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Betulaceae. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch,[2] golden birch,[3] or swamp birch,[4] is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. Gray birch is much less valued than paper birch (B. papyrifera) because of its small size, short life, and limited distribution. Two European species, Betula pendula (Weeping White Birch) and Betula pubescens (White Birch), are often cultivated as landscape trees in the United States and Canada. Growth rate: medium Texture: fine Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Gray birch grows to 10 m tall; trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick. Cultivation White-barked birches in particular are cultivated as ornamental trees, largely Shaded area represents potential planting range. Crafted from acacia hardwood with a weatherworn gray finish, this wooden piece is supported by an open X-shaped base for added sturdiness and a fresh take on traditional farmhouse style. PrintPrepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Birch oil is used in the manufacture of Russia leather, a water-resistant leather. Gray Birch, Old Field Birch Betulaceae Expand Habitat native to northeastern United States and northeastern Canada zone 3 common on poor, sandy soils an early colonizer of poor sites, road cuts, burned areas. Gray birch (Betula populifolia) and the native paper birch (B. papyrifera) are very susceptible ; this pest is much less common to black, yellow, European and river birches (Johnson and Lyon). Birch, any of about 40 species of short-lived ornamental and timber trees and shrubs constituting the genus Betula (family Betulaceae), distributed throughout cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Drought stress followed by borer attack often causes decline. Scientific name: Betula populifolia Marsh. Sweet birch (Betula lenta): This species, also known in some areas as the cherry birch, is native to the eastern U.S., especially the Appalachian region. Birch trees thrive in moist soil and full sunlight. Voss Signs® Tree Tags are descriptive tree ID tags. Description Height: 20 to 30 feet Spread: 10 to 20 feet Crown uniformity: symmetrical Figure 1. Description Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. The usual lifespan of the birch is 40-50 years. Including as many as 3 common names, the scientific name, our staff artist’s sketch of a Gray Birch The leaves of the gray birch (Betula populifolia) are the most distinct of all the birch species here mentioned. Leaves are acuminate, with serrated edges near the tip. Here’s what you’ll learn for each Description Location Middle Township, NJ This champion Gray Birch of New Jersey made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. Ivory birch (family Euphorbiaceae) and West Indian birch (family Burseraceae) are not true birches. Gray Birch Other Name: White Birch, Fire Birch, Old Field Birch, Pre-treatment: Recommended but not required Price per Ounce: 8.10 Price per .25lb: 22.95 Price Per Pound: 42.55 Seeds per lb. Gray Birch is a pioneer tree that depends on wildfires and other kinds of disturbance to maintain itself in these habitats. Gray birch are small trees that live for about 50 years. Description Betula pendula are rapidly growing, undemanding trees, which after about 50 years have reached their final height of about 25 meters (82 ft). Gray birch colonizes disturbed and harsh sites and is particularly abundant in the lower Hudson Valley where it grows chiefly on dry, gravelly soils of burned-over areas and abandoned farms. Birch seeds are used as leaf litter in miniature terrain models. European weeping birch Betulaceae Betula pendula Roth symbol: BEPE3 Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, ovate to nearly triangular in shape, 2 to 4 inches long, long pointed at the tip, with … ). There are around 60 different species of birch that grow in temperate climate around the world. Thanks to its removable leaf, this rectangular table seats anywhere from six to 12 people comfortably (think of all the holiday dinners you’ll be hosting). v1.2.3_01 Leaf decay is now disabled, due to an infinite loop in the code. Unlike other birch trees, the bark of the gray birch doesn't peel off easily. The Description General: Birch Family (Betulaceae). Bark of mature trees is variable in color; can be bright white but often is slightly duller, more grayish, than other white-barked birches. Birch leaf miner may also cause significant problems. Dry conditions are unfavorable for the tree due to its shallow root system. Unlike many varieties of Birch, the Japanese Gray Birch is somewhat resistant to bronze birch borer. Watch for leaf spot problems. White Birch sap flowing out of a wound and freezing in the winter cold. Betula populifolia-- Gray Birch Page 2 Crown density: open Figure 2. 3) Leaf type: simple Leaf margin It could be used as specimen tree where a small- … Betula grossa , or Japanese Cherry Birch, is a conical-shaped tree with cherry-like bark that turn dark grey. Updated February 2018. ↑Description & Identification Grows to 20-30ft (6-9m.) Description In its damaging stage, the birch leaf miner larva is translucent white, flattened, and about 2/10" long. Faunal Associations: Many kinds of insects feed on the leaves and catkins, suck plant juices, or bore through the wood of Gray Birch and other birches ( Betula spp. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are reddish, green. Tinder Fungus grows on White Birch. Although this gray birch … It is found in almost all countries having a temperate climate. Leaf Identification Guide We’ve put together a presentation of 76 real images of leaves with their common names, scientific names, plant families, venation systems, and common uses. 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